VINKOVCI


VINKOVCI
VINKOVCI, town in Croatia, capital of Srijem Province. Jews are known to have lived there only from the second half of the 19th century. Ignatz Gross opened a retail store in 1866. A kehillah was formed in 1870 and Jacob Schlesinger installed a flour mill at that time. Jews were tanners, tailors and merchants. Leaders of the community were L. Stein, Dr. Armin Lederer, and Dr. Ignatz Lang. Zionist activists were Max Lederer, Adolf Beck, and Vilim Orenstein. The first rabbi was Solomon Neumann, followed by R. Schoenfeld and Dr. Mavro Frankfurter, who was horrendously tortured by the Ustashe and died in the Jasenovac death camp. His son, david frankfurter , killed the Swiss Nazi leader Wilhelm Gustloff in Davos on February 2, 1936, in an effort to call the world's attention to the dangers of Nazism. During World War I, Jews were molested and robbed by deserters from the Austro-Hungarian army, but they organized self-defense and successfully resisted the assaults. In 1923 a national conference of Yugoslavia's rabbis took place in Vinkovci. In 1931 about 1,000 Jews lived there; their number dwindled, however, in later years due to emigration, mostly to Zagreb. On the eve of the Holocaust, only 630 Jews remained there. Nevertheless, it was a thriving community. During the Holocaust most Jews perished and the synagogue was demolished. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Jevrejski Almanajh (Vrsac, 5690 (1929/30); PK (1988). (Zvi Loker (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Vinkovci — Vinkovci …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vinkovci — Pays  Croatie Comitat Vu …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vinkovcí —   [ viːȖkɔːvtsi], deutsch Wịnkowitz, Stadt in Slawonien, Kroatien, am Nordwestrand von Sirmien, 35 300 Einwohner; Holz , Textil , Nahrungsmittelindustrie.   Geschichte:   Vinkovcí, das antike Cibalae, war im 2 …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Vînkōvci — m mn 〈G mn Vînkovācā〉 grad na Bosutu, I Hrvatska …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • Vinkovci — Vȋnkōvci m mn <G mn Vȋnkovācā> DEFINICIJA grad na Bosutu, I Hrvatska, 35.347 stan. ONOMASTIKA v. Vincent …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Vinkovci — City of Vinkovci Grad Vinkovci Vinkovci railway station …   Wikipedia

  • Vinkovci — Original name in latin Vinkovci Name in other language Cibalae, Vinkovcai, Vinkovce, Vinkovci, Vinkovcy, Vinkovcze, Winkowitz, Winkowzi, binkobeuchi, vuVinkovciinkovutsuVinkovcii, wen ke fu qi, wynkwtsy, Винковци, Винковцы, Вінковці State code HR …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Vinkovci — Sp Vinkovcai Ap Vinkovci L Kroatija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Vinkovci — Cibalie (Latin), Vinkovce (Hungarian), Винковци (Serbian) …   Names of cities in different languages

  • Vinkovci Opcina — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Vinkovci Općina Country and Admin Code HR.18.3187718 HR …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II


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